Types of forests are classified differently from one and another depending upon the species developed with the age of forests, soil found in those forests, the density of trees and history of the geological region. The vegetation consists of mostly evergreens, trees that grow needles instead of leaves and cones instead of flowers. As we all aware about the importance of forests in our life. Mountain biking irresponsibly during the covid19 pandemic puts you and others at risk. Classification of forests major forest types of the world. All the basic need for the survival we can get from the forests. Tropical most tropical forests receive large continued. By contrast, the temperate forestlands have stabilized and are expanding in most industrial countries.
There are so many kinds of forest around the world. In the tropics, forestlands are continuing to be converted to other land uses at increasing rates. Let us know more about them before we enter into forest lands in india and their details. There is between 300 and 900 mm of rainfall per year. Classification and description of world formation types. Classification of major kinds of forests of the world. This flagship publication is part of the state of the world series of the food and agriculture organization of. Pdf in europe, the tradition is to preserve tree cover with the main purpose of maintaining wood production potential. In this chapter, we provide an outline of the principal forest types that occur in the main climatic regions of the world, to gain an appreciation to how each. The following types of forests are found in india which cover. Forests tend to be located in remote areas where the reach of. The size of primary forest is an important indicator for assessing the state of forest ecosystems even though primary forest in temperate and boreal zones may have fewer plant and animal species. Popular tourist visiting forests in world with names. Canadas forest area has not grown during the past decade but forests in the united states have increased by almost 3.
Tropical forests, or rainforests, occupy the socalled intertropical area of the planet, that is the area between the tropic of. Forests types of forests and classification list of. Why population matters to forests the state of forests forests cover onethird of the worlds total land area, representing an area of more than 4 billion hectares in 2010. God made the earth and everything on this planet in six days and on the third day he made all the fruit bearing trees, flowers, seed and all types of flora. In 1997, the world resources institute recorded that only 20% of the worlds original forests remained in large intact tracts of undisturbed forest. Northern boreal forest taiga temperate rainforests. Life science, earth science, and physical science resources for k12.
As governments determine how best to commit national efforts to achieve transformational change, the state of the world s forests 2018 sofo 2018 analyses the role that forests and trees and the people who use and manage them can play in helping countries achieve their objectives and bring about a brighter future. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest these types of forests are generally found in large, discontinuous patches centred on the equatorial belt and between the tropics of cancer and capricorn. Types of forests in india and world one needs to visit in. Forest, categories, types, functions and institutional.
Forests of india general knowledge quiz govt jobs alert info. Those trees make up forests which are needed to keep our planet alive and healthy. There are also many natural factors that can cause changes in forests over time including forest fires, insects, diseases, weather, competition between species, etc. Worlds forests food and agriculture organization of the united. The objectives of this study were developed within a. There are also more specific types of forests within these larger regions. For variations in climatic, topographic, and edaphic conditions, we find the evolution of different types of forests in different geographic regions of the world. An evergreen forest is a forest consisting entirely or mainly of evergreen trees that retain green foliage all year round. The worlds forests competitive enterprise institute. The structure, distribution, and biomass of the worlds forests.
The montane forests include cloud forest, those forests at middle to high altitude, which derive a significant part of their water budget from cloud, and support a rich abundance of vascular and nonvascular epiphytes. Forests are storehouses of a large variety of life forms such as plants, mammals, birds, insects and reptiles etc. What is the current status of forest protection at global level. The park, established in 1986, enables adventurers to learn about the various forest eco systems and the flora and fauna that thrive in the fraser nechako plateau region. A number of diverse currents and pressures are simultaneously being brought to bear on the worlds forests.
Forests of the world the exploring nature educational. Riding injuries put unnecessary stress on medical systems that need all available resources to fight the virus, and group. Also the forests have abundant microorganisms and fungi, which do. Temperate broadleaved deciduous and mixed forest 5.
Forests can be classified according to a wide number of characteristics, with distinct forest types occuring within each broad category. Facilities include fire pits, picnic tables, and a. Forest, categories, types, functions and institutional framework for protection rahul kumar ifs pccf hoff introduction the word forest is derived from a latin wordforismeans outside forests are one of the most important natural resources of the earth. These forests are found around the world, particularly in the indomalayan archipelagos, the amazon basin, and the african congo. Forest types and their associated soils request pdf. Forests cover about 26 percent of north americas land area and represent more than 12 percent of the worlds forests. Hanson 1962 defines forest as a stand of trees growing close together with associated plants of various kinds. Mdgs, the counties of the world have set a target of halving global poverty by 2015. The convergence of the poor and forests is a result of many factors. Champion and seth 1968 recognized sixteen types of forest which are listed below. Forests for the world in prince george, british columbia, canada is a 106 hectare demonstration forest with 15 8. Forests of india general knowledge quiz august 1, 2017 december 31, 2018 admin 0 comment forests in india gk quiz. Different types of forests geography for kids mocomi. World bank annual data since 1990 data on forest area % of land area by country is available in the world development indicators wdi published by the world bank.
Global ecological forest classification and forest protected area. These trees keep their needles all year to help the trees survive in cold environments. The results presented in this report clearly suggest that the worlds pas do not adequately conserve the global extent of forest cover. As much of the worlds remaining natural forests tend to be concentrated in areas which have been and still are traditionally used and occupied by indigenous peoples, 10 estimated populations of indigenous peoples are tabulated alongside numbers of forest peoples. Definitions of basic terms related to forestry, objectives of silviculture, stakeholders of forest, forest classification and salient features of indian forest policies unit i introduction 2. There are three types of forests that are explained briefly below. If youve ever traveled around the country, you might have noticed that trees are different everywhere you go. Primary forests are forests where native tree species grow, where ecological processes are not significantly disturbed, and where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities. Mangrove forests also fall within this broad category, as do most of the tropical coniferous forests of central america. Some legal definitions of forest are based on the actual vegetation on the ground, whereas other definitions are based on a defined land area which may have no vegetation on it at all but is legally under the jurisdiction of the national agency which manages forests and natural resources. State of the worlds forests 2016 shows that some countries have been able to reconcile the aspirations of the different sectors, increasing the agricultural productivity and food security of their populations while also halting and even reversing deforestation. The tropical rainforests contain the greatest diversity of species of all biomes on earth. This passage is intentionally scheduled for the first week of school so that we will have time to teach classroom procedures.
The food and agriculture organization of the united nations estimates that primary forests now account for 36 percent of total forest area, but are being lost or modified at a rate of 6 million hectares a year through deforestation or selective logging. The united states is the fourth most forested country in the world with 226 million hectares. Cover photos of cool temperate forests from around the world. Classification of forests is done under various parameters.
A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. At gapminder where also data on primary forests, wood coverage or wood removal is available the data can be plotted against a second variable. Champion 1936 recognized major types of forest in india. The state of the worlds forests 2018 food and agriculture. This evergreen hardwood forest is the natural vegetation of. Coordinates forests for the world is a provincial park located in prince george, british columbia in the frasernechako plateau region it has over 15 kilometres 9. Forest types of the world temperate and boreal forest types 1 evergreen needleleaf forest natural forest with 30% canopy cover, in which the canopy is predominantly 75% needleleaf and evergreen.
Top 10 largest natural forests in the world list dose. Forests for the world prince george north bc british. Here are some 20 different types of forests with their names found all over the globe. Forests of the world reading and discussion did you know that 30% of the earths land area is covered with trees. The forests and the alliance for a responsible, plural, and united world net of forests the electronic forum forests of the world history humbaba, gilgamesh and the forest protected by the gods context situation of the forests in 2001 faos evaluation of the situation of the forests.
Greenwayforests for the world trail map trailforks. Greenwayforests for the world mountain bike trail map. Given the importance of forests for the rural poor, it is widely recognized that forests can be a resource for poverty reduction. Coniferous forests the temperature is between 40 and 20c. Natural resources forests introduction a forest is a complex ecosystem which is predominantly composed of trees, shrubs and is usually a closed canopy. Types of forests tropical rainforests canopy is often closed little light reaches below a canopy opening happens when a tree falls plants competing for the light fill the space many trees are covered with epiphytes epiphyte plants that grow on other plants instead of in the soil rainfall determines the vegetation growth rate rainforests of the earth rainforest mammals rainforest. Forest of india gk quiz general knowledge question answers. However, by latitude, the three main types of forests are tropical, temperate, and boreal.1593 1059 1267 551 824 1004 31 771 1574 1632 715 84 1353 1638 749 612 381 559 206 1422 319 1284 466 1346 650 1460 1303 132 1356 347 383 1288 709 292 63 1303 45 1271 1085